Off the Road Tyres, as is better known as, is yet another form of tyre used especially by heavy-duty vehicles driven with an ability to carry a huge amount of load. These are made to be driven on roads and conditions that could be unsuitable for many. Their larger wheels and deeper treads give them undue advantage over conditions such as dirt, mud, sand etc.
How do Off road tyres work?
OTR tyres easily sink into sand or mud and still provide the much-needed friction required to keep the vehicle moving on the terrain. It is the amount of extra rubber that goes into the construction of it, which makes them carry heavy loads and perform impending tasks which vehicles with regular tyres may fail.
Which type of OTR tyre?
What goes into the construction of such large chunky wheels with deeper tread is a blend of methods used in their construction. An OTR tyre is usually made of three variants.
- Bias – It is perhaps the most flexible tyre of this category which uses the cross-ply construction. The superior flexibility of the body aligns well with uneven surfaces giving a smoother ride experience. The downside of Bias variant is lack of traction and control at higher speed.
- Belted Bias – This is an improved form of Bias variant. The construction is very much similar to the bias with criss-cross ply layers. This, however, has corded steel belts which stabilize the tyre even at higher speeds unlike the former. It retains the stiffness and reduces resistance at a higher speed providing a smoother drive.
- Radial – a Radial tyre, on the other hand, is a mixed solution of the Bias and Belted Bias variant. Its construction goes similar to the use of cords and belts but the angle of placement of those cords and belts stabilize the retention for longer life and superior road performance. The only glitch being the rides are a lot more jittery at slower speeds giving a sense of discomfort.
Not just these, an OTR tyre can also be customised according to the drive condition.
How durable are OTR?
Like vehicles, the tyre is also subject to age over a period of time. The usage and maintenance play an important role in prolonged usage and performance. Some essential Tips to improve OTR tyres performance are,
- Get the specifications right in order to achieve the desired results. Using the right kind of tyre for the right kind of task at hand, amount of load and the terrain conditions is an ideal way of improving the tyre efficiency.
- Ensure load monitoring is performed before taking the wheels for a spin. The weight should be evenly distributed between them.
- For optimal ride and durability always govern the speed of your vehicle according to the conditions prevailing.
- Investigating tyre checks, regular maintenance and awareness programmes carried out to ensure the best practices are followed to keep the tyres operating for a longer life.
What are the best mud tyres in India?
A global leader in tyre manufacturing Yokohama reserves a range of OTR tyres – The ‘Geolandar’ series leads the segment providing great performance, grip and toughness to cater the off-road experience. Bridgestone, the Japanese manufacturer and a trusted brand for the Government, public and private sector entrails the largest supply of OTR tyres in India.
JK Tyre is known for its Ultra Large Off the Road tyres and has been the king of largest and heaviest tyre designs. Perhaps, the only manufacturer with the largest tyre size in the country. The Company is an OEM of OTR products for various vehicles and also available across international markets.
BKT tyres usually come equipped in mining and earth movers and their counterparts like Goodyear has a tough, cool-running tire for ultra-large loaders, haul trucks and other vehicles. Apollo also has a range of mud tyres ready for Indian consumers, with tyres ranging from trucks and busses, earth movers, industrial and agricultural needs.
What is the price of OTR tyres in India?
Prices of OTR tyres differ according to their size and use. Ones listed above may cost more than Rs.20,000 for the standard OTR vehicle, however, if you are planning to use on the heavy machine and earth movers you must be ready to spend more than Rs. 40,000 for a tyre.
OTR tyres cost more due to their heavy usage and ability to sustain unusual terrain and weather conditions. They even cost Rs. 50,000 and above especially if you are looking for mining and industrial vehicles.
1. Can Off Road Tyres be used on road?
When OTR tyres are made to operate on normal road surfaces they would wear out sooner than the other on-road tyres. This is simply because off-road tyres create a lot of traction on the roads and thus they will behave stiff and noisy to drive on city roads. Not just the performance gets affected but also since they use a lot of friction to ride on a normal terrain they will eventually require higher fuel consumption.
2. Do Off road tyres work in snow?
No, OTR tyres are not prepared for winters. They lose the amount of traction when driven on snow or ice leading to ineffective braking and loss of performance. Off-road tyres possess a good amount of sipes for traction but they do not perform as reliable as the winter tyres. The dedicated snow and winter-ready tyres have more aggressive tread with multiple sipes specifically designed for ice traction and control.
3. Are Off road tires good in the rain?
Off-road tyres have a very specific utility, even though they are designed to conquer toughest tasks up sleeve they still suffer from a few cons, rain and wet roads are a challenge to even the largest of tread and rubber. The lack of traction can lead to slippery ride and inconsistency in control of the vehicle and thus being an unsafe choice during rain. It is always advisable to use All-Terrain tyres instead of mud tyres during rain and wet conditions.
So, if you choose to ride off road be sure to stick to the thumb of rule by loading up the right pair stiff chunky OTR tyre to your vehicle. This works pretty well in highly abrasive conditions achieving the potential performance. Therefore, it is of utmost importance to understand, different tyres have a different purpose to be fulfilled and they should be used accordingly.