One of the important measures in ensuring tyre safety is to ensure that they are inflated properly. Inflating refers to the processes of maintaining the appropriate air pressure within the tyre. This is very important in many ways especially in preventing accidents due to tyre bursts and tyre failure.
Why maintaining correct inflation pressure is essential?
Maintaining the right inflation pressure or tyre pressure is important because it will affect various aspects such as
- Fuel economy
- Life of the tyre
- Braking distance
- Handling of the vehicle
How to inflate tyres?
The following steps are involved in tyre inflation process,
Step 1: Choose a petrol pump station that has an air pump
Step 2: Park your vehicle in the allotted space in front of the pump make use of the facilities that are provided by the petrol pump service station such as plastic or rubber gloves.
Step 3: Remove the dust caps in the wheels and ensure you keep it safe with you.
Step 4: Make the payment specified for the air pump and start the pump. You have got to set the right pressure on the pump. The pressure could vary from one vehicle to another and even between the front and rear tyres.
Tip: The pump machines can be of two different types. It may display pressure PSI or Bar. The default measure of the pump is a BAR. When you know the pressure you want on the bar, you just have to press the + or – buttons to reach the value you want. in case you only have the PSI value, you need to press the bar/PSI button in the pump. This will show the PSI value. Press the button and then use the +/- button to set the correct PSI value.
Step 5: Extend the air hose attached to the pump and place it over the tyre valve. Hold the nozzle straight and tight to avoid leakage of air.
Step 6: If there is a need to inflate tyres, the pump would force air into the tire. If it is already inflated more than the required level, the pump would slowly draw out the excess air and reduce the air in the wheel.
Tip: You can ensure that the air pressure is at the right level when you hear a beep sound from the pump.
Step 7: Once you hear the sound, remove the nozzle from the valve sharply and replace the dust caps immediately.
Step 8: Repeat the same process for all the four wheels to inflate tyres or remove excess air to achieve the desired level. Once the process is over for all four wheels, replace the air hose on to the pump.
When should you check the inflation pressure?
Regular inspection of the tyres is a must to ensure that they are properly inflated. You should make it a habit to check the inflation pressure at least once in a fortnight to inflate tyres if it is underinflated and get rid of the excess air if it is overinflated.
The ideal pressure for different vehicles are different and you can learn about it from the app or the vehicle manual. If you over inflate tyres it would affect the stability of the vehicle and thereby the control you have over the vehicle. likewise, if it is under inflated it would result in tyre failure.
How will you ensure the inflation pressure is right?
You can check the inflation pressure at any of the fuel stations that have the working tyre pump. Sometimes when the inflation pressure is too low, it would be quite obvious for you to detect. However, checking the inflation pressure using the air pump at the fuel station would not only help you to detect changes but also correct it to have the right inflation pressure as mentioned in your vehicle manual. So, Inspect the tyres regularly to ensure a safe drive.